Track user activity and API usage
WS CloudTrail is a service that enables governance, compliance, operational auditing, and risk auditing of your AWS account. With CloudTrail, you can log, continuously monitor, and retain account activity related to actions across your AWS infrastructure. CloudTrail provides event history of your AWS account activity, including actions taken through the AWS Management Console, AWS SDKs, command line tools, and other AWS services. This event history simplifies security analysis, resource change tracking, and troubleshooting.
With AWS CloudTrail, simplify your compliance audits by automatically recording and storing event logs for actions made within your AWS account. Integration with Amazon CloudWatch Logs provides a convenient way to search through log data, identify out-of-compliance events, accelerate incident investigations, and expedite responses to auditor requests.
Visibility into user and resource activity
AWS CloudTrail increases visibility into your user and resource activity by recording AWS Management Console actions and API calls. You can identify which users and accounts called AWS, the source IP address from which the calls were made, and when the calls occurred.
Security analysis and troubleshooting
With AWS CloudTrail, you can discover and troubleshoot security and operational issues by capturing a comprehensive history of changes that occurred in your AWS account within a specified period of time.
AWS CloudTrail allows you track and automatically respond to account activity threatening the security of your AWS resources. With Amazon CloudWatch Events integration, you can define workflows that execute when events that can result in security vulnerabilities are detected. For example, you can create a workflow to add a specific policy to an Amazon S3 bucket when CloudTrail logs and API call that makes that bucket public.
AWS CloudTrail makes it easier to ensure compliance with internal policies and regulatory standards by providing a history of activity in your AWS account. For more information, download the AWS compliance whitepaper, “Security at Scale: Logging in AWS.”
You can perform security analysis and detect user behavior patterns by ingesting AWS CloudTrail events into your log management and analytics solutions.
OPERATIONAL ISSUE TROUBLESHOOTING
You can troubleshoot operational issues by leveraging the AWS API call history produced by AWS CloudTrail. For example, you can quickly identify the most recent changes made to resources in your environment, including creation, modification, and deletion of AWS resources (e.g., Amazon EC2 instances, Amazon VPC security groups, and Amazon EBS volumes).
Amazon CloudWatch Logs Integration
AWS CloudTrail integration with Amazon CloudWatch Logs enables you to send management and data events recorded by CloudTrail to CloudWatch Logs. CloudWatch Logs allows you to create metric filters to monitor events, search events, and stream events to other AWS services, such as AWS Lambda.
Amazon CloudWatch Events
AWS CloudTrail integration with Amazon CloudWatch Events enables you to automatically respond to changes to your AWS resources. With CloudWatch Events, you are able to define actions to execute when specific events are logged by AWS CloudTrail. For example, if CloudTrail logs a change to an Amazon EC2 security group, such as adding a new ingress rule, you can create a CloudWatch Events rule that sends this activity to an AWS Lambda function. Lambda can then execute a workflow to create a ticket in your IT Helpdesk system.