This step-by-step tutorial will help you store your files in the cloud using Amazon Simple Storage Solution (Amazon S3). Amazon S3 is a service that enables you to store your data (referred to as objects) in at massive scale. In this tutorial, you will create an Amazon S3 bucket, upload a file, retrieve the file and delete the file.
When you click here, the Amazon Web Services Management Console will open in a new browser window, so you can keep this step-by-step guide open. When the screen loads, enter your user name and password to get started. Then type Amazon S3 in the search bar and select S3 to open the console.
In this step, you will create an Amazon S3 bucket. A bucket is the container you store your files in.
a. In the Amazon S3 dashboard, click Create Bucket.
If this is the first time you have created a bucket, you will see a screen that looks like the image pictured here.
If you have already created Amazon S3 buckets, your Amaozn S3 dashboard will list all the buckets you have created.
b. Enter a bucket name. Bucket names must be unique across all existing bucket names in Amazon S3. There are a number of other restrictions on Amazon S3 bucket names as well. Then select a region to create your bucket in.
c. You have many useful options for your Amazon S3 bucket including Versioning, Server Access Logging, Tags, Object-level Logging and Default Encryption. We won't enable them for this tutorial. Select Next.
d. You have the ability to set permission settings for your Amazon S3 bucket. Leave the default values and select Next.
e. Review your configuration settings and select Create bucket.
a. You will see your new bucket in the Amazon S3 console. Click on your bucket’s name to navigate to the bucket.
b. You are in your bucket’s home page. Select Upload.
c. To select a file to upload, either click Add files and select a sample file that you would like to store OR Drag and Drop a file on the upload box. Select Next after you have selected a file to upload.
d. You have the ability to set permission settings on your object. For this tutorial, leave the default values and select Next.
e. You have the ability to set property settings like storage class, encryption, and metadata with your object. Leave the default values and select Next.
f. Review your configurations and select Upload. You will see your object in your bucket’s home screen.
a. Select the checkbox next to the file you would like to download, then select Download.
You can easily delete your object and bucket from the Amazon S3 console. In fact, it is a best practice to delete resources you are no longer using so you don’t keep getting charged for them.
a. You will first delete your object. Select the checkbox next to the file you want to delete and select More > Delete.
b. Review and confirm the object you want to delete. Select Delete.
c. Click on Amazon S3 to view all your buckets in the region.
d. Click to the right of the bucket name of the bucket you created to selected it, then click Delete. Type in the name of your bucket and click Confirm.
You have backed up your first file to the cloud by creating an Amazon S3 bucket and uploading your file as an Amazon S3 object. Amazon S3 is designed for 99.999999999% durability to help ensure that your data is always available when you want it. You’ve also learned how to retrieve your backed up file and how to delete the file and bucket.
Now that you have learned how to use Amazon S3 from the web console you can progress to the next tutorial where you will learn how to use the command line to do these same backup and recovery actions in a scripted way.